I've been told that Madonna began
her set with her hit 'Music' whose main refrain goes "Music unites the rebel
with the bourgeoisie." I can think of hardly any other song that sums up Live8
better than this.
But if the ideas of the gig goers
and TV viewers must have been mixed, what of those who actually came to the
protests in Edinburgh? Having spent the weekend diligently vox popping and
discussing the mood there are some clear pictures emerging, of who is here and
There are of course three main
'camps'. The NGO/Make Poverty History crowd who range from 'let's hope Gordon
makes some good decisions' to a fairly clear, if fluffy, anti-capitalist
consciousness. The opposite camp is the dissent/indymedia crew with their
formidable logistical acumen and clear intent to both protest and have fun at
the same time. These two camps have no cross over what-so-ever as far as I can
Sitting cheerfully in the middle is
the G8 Alternatives/socialist/radical grouping. This middle group certainly has
the advantage of wanting to talk and discuss with the more Christian/NGO
elements of the demonstrations, but I can't help feel it's often in a very
sterile and unimaginative way.
Having taken a random sample of
paper sellers its pretty clear the left found the new 'white bloc' impenetrable
and often were irritated by a perceived blandness. A few self deluded souls
aside it was clear that the old style revolutionary literature was not 'selling
like hot cakes' - part of the question is, is this because the demonstrators
were to the right of the anti-war demonstrators or because parts of the left is
putting their message across in a tired and stale way that leaves one hungry for
The Edinburgh demo
itself was scorching hot and enormous. Clearly something between two and three
hundred thousand strong. Whilst many went on the march others found queuing for
hours in the park just to get on the march less appealing and 'the
Meadows' was thronging all day with those listening to the music on big screens,
having fun with various family friendly activities or simply catching up with
Great fan of route marching for
justice though I am I thought I'd do my duty and quiz those remaining in the
Meadows on how they thought things were going. There was certainly a real
carnival atmosphere and part of the reason for this has been the incredible
diversity of the hundreds of thousands of participants.
I don't just mean the obvious
political differences, but the cultural breadth of it as well. I think this demo
had far more young people on it than even the great two million demo against the
war that seems like many years ago - and it's clear there were a high proportion
of families and groups of friends there.
Another obvious difference between
the mass anti-war demonstration and today is that Saturday's demo was very very
white - and I'm not referring to their shirts. I think part of this is the
product of NGO and church involvement that have brought people on mass from the
middle of England and also the apparent non-involvement of the Muslim community
that made the anti-war movement so inspiring.
A few placards (chosen at
random) "send my friend to school", "George Bush
number one terrorist", "no man is an island", "left to die by G8 con", "dirty
aid, dirty water" and the clear and simple "fight poverty, not wars." It was
also nice to see Daily Mirror placards - with their headers torn off.
Speaking to people about the
relationship between the mass gigs and the demo I got some interesting
responses. Dave from Oxford thought that in the media the gigs will have
surpassed the demo and that the music was guaranteed press coverage in a way
that the G8 'Alternatives' were not.
However, as a veteran of Prague,
Nice and Genoa anti-capitalist protests he still felt that it was the direct
action that was the most important part of the anti-G8 protests. However
important this mass involvement was (and he clearly thought it was) this was not
an anti-capitalist mobilisation, but a demo for a "nicer world" with
anti-capitalists in it, as a radical rump.
We chatted about whether this G8 was
more like previous mobilisations Genoa or Birmingham. It feels like the size and
emotion was at the level of Genoa but the predominant ideas were often that of
the NGO dominated Birmingham mobilisation.
Matthew from Leeds thought this
underplayed the diversity of the Genoa protests, because although they were
explicitly anti-capitalist there were still pacifist, white handed, Christians
there, who ironically took some of the worst of the beatings from the police.
Martin from London pointed out the
lack of trade union banners, but, in all fairness, as I wondered the crowd I
later came across a gorgeous block of trade union banners and placards and the
sectioning off was more of a sign of rigid and determined organisation of a very
large demonstration than lack of union support.
I hunted out some paper sellers of
various left organisations who were, on the whole, fairly candid and said that
whilst they'd sold lots of merchandise they were having difficulty selling their
papers. One seller saying "the Christians are impenetrable." This was clearly
not a traditional hard left protest.
Speaking to Karen and Lindsey from
Zimbabwe they asked "where are the African voices here?" and felt that Africa
probably didn't even know about the G8 and their protests were taking place. But
they also seemed to reflect some of the tabloid worries about African corruption
and felt that any benefits the G8 should bestow had to be tied to advances of
democracy against dictatorship. I really pressed them on this because it seemed
unrealistic to me to say unless you're nicer to your people we will let them
starve. But they were pretty clear, no debt relief et al without attacking
Later in the day George Monbiot
(star of the Stop the War rally in my view) addressed this point really well
when he said that "It's the Western multinationals that
are the biggest bribe givers in the world - who are they to lecture anyone on
There was another clear worry on the
part of the protesters - that of being used by the G8 and the demonstration
being seen to be owned by Brown, Geldof and co. Jo from Inverness went so far as
to say that she should have been marching separately to make it clear she wanted
to abolish the G8, not simply appeal for it to have a cuddly side.
Nan, Jo's vociferous yet jovial
friend, said that although "folk sometimes need a spokesman" they "forget we
have all have a mind" and even people who are seen to be leading the movement
need to listen and respect the opinions of this broad mass.
This point was also
picked up on at the Stop the War rally when John Rees quite rightly proclaimed
that we should never let anyone "use a mass movement for their own purposes" and
I couldn't agree more with John on this (cough).
David and Lorna, from 'the north'
(of England) put it well when I asked if they'd come to demonstrate for or
against the G8. "We think the G8 should just get off the backs of the poor.
That's what we think, but I'm not sure everyone here agrees."
It was also clear they were pulled
by two different arguments. Whilst on the one hand they felt that many of the
NGO style protests seem politically bland and they were very keen to say that
it's the corporations that are one of the prime creators of injustice in the
poorest parts of the world. They were frustrated that the mainstream acceptance
of the campaign had also diluted the message far too far - simultaneously they
believed that Geldof had made "this all possible".
Now in terms of numbers I actually
believe it's the descendents of Jubilee 2000 that mobilised the bulk of
demonstrators on Saturday but it's certainly true that Geldof has helped create
what Monbiot described as "the false consensus" that we are all on the same
That's why brilliant African
activist Trevor Ngwane had his invitation to speak at the Make Poverty History
rally withdrawn because his message of opposition to privatisation and
neo-liberalism was "too radical".
But if we're not going to address
the conditions of structural adjustment that further impoverish the impoverished
and create massive human catastrophes then aren't we just saying "let's throw a
few coppers in the charity bowl to make ourselves feel better rather because
it's too radical to actually make a difference."
John, from Edinburgh Unison was also
very clear. It's true that the voices of Africa had been virtually ignored in
the debate on what should happen there but it's also true that the people of the
West have to take responsibility and do what they can to make the world a better
place - "we can't simply leave the fight up to them [Africans], because the same
problems of workers' rights and privatisation come from here" and although we
can't end the problems (unlike the implication of the Live8 memento stalls
labelled "the final push" we have to try.
The separation of the radical and
mainstream elements of the demonstrations also led to a split in the way the
more radical participants reacted to the whole affair. Some began to see
themselves as the 'real' protesters accompanied by far more politically backward
elements - others developed a kind of frantic self delusional style trying to
convince themselves that the entire thing was in support of their own views of
the world. I found both these solutions wholly unattractive, although thankfully
not everyone feel into these polarised camps.
The Stop the War rally on Saturday
saw a whole string of shrieking speakers barking at the rather small crowd
(estimates between 500 and 2,000) which felt very small because of the
size of the earlier demo. Speaker after speaker referred to how 'we' had made
this all possible (which 'we' they didn't say) and the how the war was central
to it all, or who poured hatred and scorn upon Make Poverty History for its
insipid message of collaboration with the enemy. The fantastic antidote to this
was George Monbiot who not only had something to say of interest but actually
spoke to the crowd rather than shouting at them.
And, incidentally, on the question
of the war, there were a large number of "George Bush World's #1 terrorist"
placards both on Saturday and on the Sunday anti-war demo which I can't help
feeling is the wrong message for the left to send out.
I liked the occasional "fight
poverty not wars" placards that I saw which genuinely drew the issues together,
but to tell tens of thousands of people who want to do something about global
injustice that actually the only real issue is the war on terror I fear is to
try to pull people away from making those connections and saying something that
we hear every day, even in the mainstream press. Just a little niggle really.
Anyway, having tried to record
fairly faithfully a flavour of the conversations I had with the actual
participants on the demo as an antidote to the rewriting of history that will
inevitably take place, I'll give the last word to Diane and David, the two
demonstrators standing right at the back. "The whole idea is to end poverty, but
these are all interlinked issues, we've not got much faith in the G8 but I just
hope that they've watching and listening."